Edward showered Wallis with money and jewels, and in February 1935, and again later in the year, he holidayed with her in Europe.  A summer resort close to the Maryland–Pennsylvania border, Blue Ridge Summit was popular with Baltimoreans escaping the season's heat, and Monterey Inn, which had a central building as well as individual wooden cottages, was the town's largest hotel. The Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the Prince and Princess of Wales also attended the funeral and burial. Home of the Duke and Duchess of Windsor. 45–53; Vickers, p. 263; Duchess of Windsor, pp.  The King's behaviour and his relationship with Wallis made him unpopular with the Conservative-led British government, as well as distressing his mother and his brother the Duke of York. According to Wallis, it was during a cruise on Lord Moyne’s private yacht in August of 1934 that Wallis fell in love with Edward. There were rumours that the theft had been masterminded by the royal family as an attempt to regain jewels taken from the Royal Collection by the Duke, or by the Windsors themselves as part of an insurance fraud—they made a large deposit of loose stones at Cartier the following year. In 1931, during her second marriage, to Ernest Simpson, she met Edward, then Prince of Wales. 51–52; Sebba, p. 36; Vickers, p. 260; Duchess of Windsor, p. 85, King, p. 60; Duchess of Windsor, pp. , In 1946, when the Duchess was staying at Ednam Lodge, the home of the Earl of Dudley, some of her jewels were stolen.  There she became a friend of heiress Renée du Pont, a daughter of Senator T. Coleman du Pont of the du Pont family, and Mary Kirk, whose family founded Kirk Silverware. The duke and duchess set sail from Lisbon on August 1, 1940, narrowly escaping a Nazi SS team sent to seize them. Her private life has been a source of much speculation, and she remains a controversial figure in British history. Michael S. Rosenwald. ", "Edward and Mrs Simpson cast in new light", "Inside Wallis Simpson's Wedding to the Duke of Windsor", "Move over, Kate: Wallis Simpson back as style icon", "Wallis Simpson, the Nazi minister, the telltale monk and an FBI plot", "Egypt's Al Fayed Restores the House Fit for a Former King", The Duchess of Windsor at 212 East Biddle Street – Explore Baltimore Heritage, His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936, Executive Authority (External Relations) Act 1936, His Majesty King Edward the Eighth's Abdication Act, 1937, Duke and Duchess of Windsor's 1937 tour of Germany, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wallis_Simpson&oldid=991440862, American expatriates in the United Kingdom, Burials at the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore, People from Franklin County, Pennsylvania, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 19 June 1896 – 8 November 1916: Miss Bessie Wallis Warfield.  The marriage produced no children. 8 November 1916 – 21 July 1928: Mrs. Earl Winfield Spencer Jr. 21 July 1928 – 7 May 1937: Mrs. Ernest Aldrich Simpson, 7 May 1937 – 3 June 1937: Mrs. Wallis Warfield, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 02:08. The next day, he broke royal protocol by watching the proclamation of his accession from a window of St James's Palace, in the company of the still-married Wallis. 195–197, 200, King, pp. Seriously, the title of Duke of Windsor was expressly created for Edward VIII in 1937 after he abdicated 11 Dec 1936 to marry the American divorcee, Wallis Simpson, who was henceforth known as the Duchess of Windsor.  They travelled frequently between Europe and America aboard ocean liners. Most of her estate went to the Pasteur Institute medical research foundation, on the instructions of Suzanne Blum. , The British and Dominion governments believed that a twice divorced woman was politically, socially, and morally unsuitable as a prospective consort. The decision took the royal family and the Duchess's friends by surprise, as she had shown little interest in charity during her life. In August of 1940, as German troops invaded France, the Duke and Duchess travelled to the Bahamas by commercial liner, where Edward became Governor. 104–106, King, pp.  Wallis's memoirs The Heart Has Its Reasons were published in 1956, and biographer Charles Higham said that "facts were remorselessly rearranged in what amounted to a self-performed face-lift".  Prime Minister Winston Churchill strenuously objected in 1941 when she and her husband planned to tour the Caribbean aboard a yacht belonging to Swedish magnate Axel Wenner-Gren, whom Churchill said was "pro-German", and Churchill complained again when the Duke gave a "defeatist" interview. Duke Carl Alexander of Württemberg told the FBI that she and leading Nazi Joachim von Ribbentrop had been lovers in London. The Duke and Duchess of Windsor gaze happily into one another’s eyes following their return to England on September 16, 1939. , In 1935, the head of the Metropolitan Police Special Branch told the Metropolitan Police Commissioner that Wallis was also having an affair with Guy Marcus Trundle, who was "said to be employed by the Ford Motor Company". After the abdication, the former monarch was created the Duke of Windsor by his brother and successor, King George VI. But now it will be unsealed. The two would remain friends with Wallis sending him flowers when Simpson was in the hospital for surgery.  According to the wife of one of Win's fellow officers, Mrs Milton E. Miles, in Beijing Wallis met Count Galeazzo Ciano, later Mussolini's son-in-law and Foreign Minister, had an affair with him, and became pregnant, leading to a botched abortion that left her infertile. The couple lived at 4 route du Champ d'Entraînement in the Bois de Boulogne, near Neuilly-sur-Seine, for most of the remainder of their lives, essentially living a life of easy retirement. Wallis claimed that her parents were married in June 1895. , On 17 April 1910, Wallis was confirmed at Christ Episcopal Church, Baltimore, and between 1912 and 1914 her uncle paid for her to attend Oldfields School, the most expensive girls' school in Maryland. The Duchess of Windsor was always immaculately dressed and never casual. , After Edward's death, the Duchess's French lawyer, Suzanne Blum, assumed power of attorney. , In 1980, the Duchess lost the power of speech. Initially, they lived with him at the four-story row house, 34 East Preston Street, that he shared with his mother. The Duke and Duchess lived in France during the pre-war years.  After the United States entered the First World War in 1917, Spencer was posted to San Diego as the first commanding officer of a training base in Coronado, known as Naval Air Station North Island; they remained there until 1921. " Wallis was always immaculately dressed and pushed herself hard to do well. For over four decades the will of the Duke of Windsor, once known as King Edward VIII, has remained sealed and hidden away from prying eyes. Her father died shortly after her birth and she and her widowed mother were partly supported by their wealthier relatives. John Theodore Goddard, Wallis's solicitor, stated: "[his] client was ready to do anything to ease the situation but the other end of the wicket [Edward VIII] was determined."  The Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the Prince and Princess of Wales attended both the funeral ceremony and the burial. The King suggested a morganatic marriage, where he would remain king but Wallis would not be queen, but this was rejected by Baldwin and the prime ministers of Australia, Canada, and the Union of South Africa. She told United States ambassador to Spain Alexander W. Weddell that France had lost because it was "internally diseased". Wallis finally wed Edward on 3 June 1937 in France and became the Duchess …  She was heavily criticised in the British press for her extravagant shopping in the United States, undertaken when Britain was enduring privations such as rationing and blackout. For example, during his 44-week training course in the army, he was referred to as "Officer Cadet Wales" rather than "Officer Cadet Mountbatten-Windsor." , The monarch of the United Kingdom is Supreme Governor of the Church of England—at the time of the proposed marriage, and until 2002, the Church of England disapproved of, and would not perform, the remarriage of divorced people if their former spouse was still alive. With the death of his grandfather, King Edward VII in 1910, his father was crowned King George V. Her first marriage, to U.S. naval officer Win Spencer, was punctuated by periods of separation and eventually ended in divorce. They bought a second house in the country, Moulin de la Tuilerie or "The Mill" in Gif-sur-Yvette, where they soon became close friends of their neighbours, Oswald and Diana Mosley. This is true for many current members of the royal family. , Wallis and Edward married one month later on 3 June 1937 at the Château de Candé, lent to them by French millionaire Charles Bedaux. Edward had to remain apart from Wallis until there was no danger of compromising the granting of a decree absolute in her divorce proceedings.  She suffered several falls and broke her hip twice. An only child, Bessie Wallis (sometimes written "Bessiewallis") Warfield was born in Square Cottage at Monterey Inn, a hotel directly across the road from the Monterey Country Club, in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania. They soon separated again, and in 1922, when Spencer was posted to the Far East as commander of the Pampanga, Wallis remained behind, continuing an affair with an Argentine diplomat, Felipe de Espil. Only on death did the Duchess return to England, when she was buried alongside her husband at Windsor … Some biographers have suggested that Wallis's sister-in-law, Queen Elizabeth, remained bitter towards her for her role in bringing George VI to the throne (which she may have seen as a factor in his early death) and for prematurely behaving as Edward's consort when she was his mistress. 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", In April 1916, Wallis met Earl Winfield Spencer Jr., a U.S. Navy aviator, at Pensacola, Florida, while visiting her cousin Corinne Mustin. , Fictional depictions of the Duchess include the novel Famous Last Words (1981) by Canadian author Timothy Findley, which portrays her as a manipulative conspirator, and Rose Tremain's short story "The Darkness of Wallis Simpson" (2006), which depicts her more sympathetically in her final years of ill health. 3, pp. 136, 141; Duchess of Windsor, pp.  A later biographer wrote of her, "Though Wallis's jaw was too heavy for her to be counted beautiful, her fine violet-blue eyes and petite figure, quick wits, vitality, and capacity for total concentration on her interlocutor ensured that she had many admirers. During the trip, Wallis's investments were wiped out in the Wall Street Crash, and her mother died penniless on 2 November 1929. Less than a year later, on 21 July 1928, Wallis married Ernest Simpson, an American-born British shipbroker in London.  The Duchess became increasingly frail and eventually succumbed to dementia, living the final years of her life as a recluse, supported by both her husband's estate and an allowance from the Queen.  It was becoming apparent to Court and Government circles that the new King-Emperor meant to marry her. , Wallis was plagued by rumours of other lovers. " Queen Elizabeth was said to have referred to Simpson as "that woman", while the Duchess of Windsor referred to Queen Elizabeth as "Mrs. Temple" and "Cookie", alluding to her solid figure and fondness for food, and to her daughter, Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II), as "Shirley", as in Shirley Temple. The Duke and Duchess of Windsor’s love story created a scandal. The State Department placed Wenner-Gren’s company on a blacklist of firms with which U.S. companies were forbidden to do business. However, letters patent, passed by the new king and unanimously supported by the Dominion governments, prevented Wallis, now the Duchess of Windsor, from sharing her husband's style of "Royal Highness". How did Queen Mary become known as ‘Bloody Mary’. Special laws passed by the Parliaments of the Dominions finalised Edward's abdication the following day, or in Ireland's case one day later. 255–269, Letter from Queen Mary to Queen Elizabeth, 21 May 1937, Royal Archives, QEQM/PRIV/RF, quoted in, Telegram from Weddell to Secretary of State, King, pp. On the death of the Duke in 1972 that title became extinct. Edward’s tenure as Governor of the Bahamas ended after the end of the Second World War, and the couple returned to France. I have a passion for royals, royal history, and journalism, which led me to want to write for Royal Central. The Duke and Duchess also attended the memorial service for the Duke’s sister, the Princess Royal, that same year in Westminster Abbey. Between 1931 and 1934, he met the Simpsons at various house parties, and Wallis was presented at court. When the Duke had eye surgery in London in 1965, The Queen and the Duchess of Kent visited them. 62–64; Vickers, pp. The Duke's sister, the Princess Royal, also visited just 10 days before her death. Since she had divorced her first husband on grounds of "mutual incompatibility", there was a possibility that her second marriage, as well as her prospective marriage to Edward, would be considered bigamous if her first divorce had been challenged in court.
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