, After the death of Jesus, Christianity first emerged as a sect of Judaism as practiced in the Roman province of Judea.  Over 40 churches were established by 100, most in Asia Minor, such as the seven churches of Asia, and some in Greece and Italy. Nevertheless, it was not until Christianity became the state religion in the West that enmity toward Rome was focused on the Eastern Christians. significant religions are Islam and Christianity, their spread has effected many places throughout the world. Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. Though the religious motives were never unrelated, the primary cause of the persecution was political. Gothic culture and identity emerged from various East-Germanic, local, and Roman influences. Christianity spread due to its universality, its familiarity to the Roman people, and the fact that it gave people hope. While Jesus limited his message to a Jewish audience in Galilea and Judea, after his death his followers extended their outreach to all of Israel, and eventually the whole Jewish diaspora, believing that the Second Coming would only happen when all Jews had received the Gospel. It was about 315 that an ill-advised letter from the Christian emperor Constantine to his Persian counterpart Shapur II probably triggered the beginnings of an ominous change in the Persian attitude toward Christians. Why might there be fewer Christians in Northern Africa? It is also believed that it was there that the term Christian was coined. In 313, Constatine and Licinius issued the Edict of Milan, officially legalizing Christian worship.  Even under Decius, orthodox Christians were subject to arrest only for their refusal to participate in Roman civic religion, and were not prohibited from assembling for worship. By Joseph Kiprop on September 21 2017 in Society. More than any witness, martyr, or written antiquity, Christianity has been spread as a result of the need of mankind and the love of God. A third category of suppression was the search for that part of the Christian community that was most vulnerable to persecution, Persians who had been converted from the national religion, Zoroastrianism. Any lingering doubts must have been dispelled when about twenty years later when Constantine began to gather his forces for war in the East. Gnostics seem not to have been persecuted.. Peter baptized the Roman centurion Cornelius, traditionally considered the first Gentile convert to Christianity, in Acts 10.  Certain events are perceived as pivotal in the growing rift between Christianity and Judaism. According to Krister Stendahl, the main concern of Paul's writings on Jesus' role and salvation by faith is not the individual conscience of human sinners and their doubts about being chosen by God or not, but the main concern is the problem of the inclusion of Gentile (Greek) Torah-observers into God's covenant. There has been a notable growth in the population of Christians residing in Africa while on the other hand observance of traditional African religions has been on a decline. In 1900, nine million Christians lived in Africa compared to the 380 million in 2000. When early Christians were scattered abroad because of persecution, some found refuge at Edessa. The Church in Alexandria grew quickly in the 3rd century, and Alexandria's Bishop earned the title of Pope, and he was recognized as the senior Bishop in Egypt. Early Christianity was primarily an urban faith, establishing itself in the city centers of the Roman Empire. With Christianity the dominant faith in some urban centers, Christians accounted for approximately 10% of the Roman population by 300, according to some estimates. Venn sought to develop an African Church by urging missionaries to move on after the seeds had been sown and leaving the native leaders to develop their church. In the several centuries of state sponsored Christianity that followed, pagans and heretical Christians were routinely persecuted by the Empire and the many kingdoms and countries that later occupied the place of the Empire, but some Germanic tribes remained Arian well into the Middle Ages.. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, African Countries Where Christianity is the Largest Religion, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Since then, Africa has become a region predominantly inhabited by Christians and Muslims. What continent has the smallest percent of Christians. In Christianity, the idea of the trinity is three in one. [better source needed] According to Larry Hurtado, "Paul saw Jesus' resurrection as ushering in the eschatological time foretold by biblical prophets in which the pagan 'Gentile' nations would turn from their idols and embrace the one true God of Israel (e.g., Zechariah 8:20–23), and Paul saw himself as specially called by God to declare God's eschatological acceptance of the Gentiles and summon them to turn to God.  The resurrection of Jesus "signalled for earliest believers that the days of eschatological fulfillment were at hand,"[web 2] and gave the impetus in certain Christian sects to the exaltation of Jesus to the status of divine Son and Lord of God's Kingdom[web 2] and the resumption of their missionary activity. Nigeria has particularly witnessed rapid growth in Christianity with numerous African-Christian denominations established across the nation. Growing tensions led to a starker separation that was virtually complete by the time Jewish Christians refused to join in the Bar Khokba Jewish revolt of 132.
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